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language learning in the digital age

The A-B-C of language learning – or what does Babbel do better than other language learning software?

Posted on July 30, 2013 by

Read this post in German, French, Spanish, Italian

A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2. In Europe for several years now, these have been the names for foreign language levels. But what do they mean? The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) of the Council of Europe calls beginner levels A1/A2, intermediate B1/B2 and advanced C1/C2.

Before the introduction of the CEFR, language skills were primarily evaluated through grammar and vocabulary knowledge, i.e. could learners translate correctly, build grammatical forms and spell? Digital learning products in this tradition predominantly consist of fill-in-the-blank exercises – for all language levels. The higher the level, the more complex the words or grammar forms that must be filled in. But unfortunately a specialist in grammar with knowledge acquired from books cannot always get around in the real world; anyone who got good grades in a foreign language at school but can’t speak a word abroad knows this.

The CEFR has a different approach. Levels A1 to C2 show how well learners can cope with reading, speaking, writing and listening in various real-life communication situations. To cite a few examples of the skill “writing”: at level A1 you can fill in a form, at B1 you can write a simple private letter, at C1 you can already write an essay on complex topics.

The CEFR focuses on communication and action orientation – the level descriptions for A1-C2 do not correspond to specific grammar points or vocabulary! Especially self-learners at a beginner level however need to build up a basis of grammar and vocabulary first. They should understand how their new language works, and they need a few scraps of it to face their first real communication situations (even if with short, memorized phrases).

What has this got to do with Babbel? With our beginner courses 1-6, you reach level A2. This is the level at which most people find/found themselves at the end of a few years of school. This year we’re publishing (bit by bit for various languages) our in-depth courses, where you can learn B1 level skills step-by-step.

In the Babbel courses for beginners, the focus is on the most important grammar and vocabulary topics, but these are always oriented towards real-life situations. In the new in-depth courses, it’s the other way around: grammar and vocabulary are greatly reduced and the emphasis is put on action – that means learning how to listen, speak, read and write in specific everyday situations.

In every unit of the in-depth courses we tell a story in which these four skills are exercised. Part 1 is all about listening and speaking: After a short vocabulary introduction there is dictation, listening comprehension texts, pronunciation exercises with speech recognition – and at the end there is a role-play as a speaker in one of the dialogues. Part 2 continues with reading and writing – with translation exercises, reading comprehension texts and free writing tasks, always within the story. Grammar is implicitly introduced in the vocab of part 1 of every unit and explained in part 2, as well as exercised with the help of reading and writing tasks.

So while most language learning products at intermediate levels simply resort to more complex fill-in-the-blank vocabulary and grammar exercises, Babbel’s in-depth courses teach real communication skills. Babbel’s first in-depth course is for French and there are more to follow this year.

Try out our French in-depth course here!

About the author: Miriam has worked for several educational providers developing communicative language learning media, from print and CD learning materials for offline learning to online courses and apps. She has been with Babbel for four years and heads the editorial staff.


How far do the Indonesian courses go? Like how many levels? I am beginner’s 2 right now

I do wanna learn norwegian,but it seems that you only offer A1 courses.I really need to learn it up to B2 course..would you publish A2-B1-B2 courses?
I hope you answer my question soon and thanks a lot

Hello Shahin,

Thanks for your message! Please contact Babbel customer service directly at for further assistance.

Hi, Can you tell to which level the Dutch courses go, please? I have just completed A1 which was good and would like to continue although there doesn’t seem to be any higher courses – intermediate/advanced?
Thanks & best regards, Celia

Hello Celia,

Thanks for your message! Please contact Babbel customer service directly at for further assistance.

hi, are you planning to introduce some advanced course in Dutch as well? would you happen to have an idea of the timeline for this? thank you

Will B1 courses be made available in Danish?

I am doing French Babble very slowly but enjoying it. Though I am nowhere near finished I want to continue for life. Will there be courses at C1levelbe

We don’t have any at the moment Roger, but long-term we would like to have high-level courses for all languages. Glad you’re enjoying it.

When are you planning to add German course at B2 level and higher?

Hi Cezary, it’s not something that we are actively pursuing right now. Obviously something for the future, long-term, but at the moment we’re looking at really offering lots of variety / vocabulary / pronunciation courses etc at the levels A1-B2. Sounds like you’re more advanced than that! 🙂 Have you had a look at some of Deutsche Welle’s online resources? They’re excellent, and go right up to advanced levels.

Sounds nice. Could you give us at least a rough estimate when this will be available for Spanish?

This was the first course where we tried a new concept. We are planning more of these and since Spanish is among the most used learning language at Babbel there will be one for sure.

The Babbel Team

Are you planning to publish B2-and C level courses?

Yes we do! There are already a lot of intermediate courses available. More to come.

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